Advance

Installing Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10

Tutorial Installing Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10

Lighttpd (pronounced ”lighty”) is open-source, free, and high-speed webserver. Lighttpd is optimized for a speed-critical environment. It is secure, flexible, and needs low memory which makes that popular among other web servers. Its small size is 1MB and has low CPU and RAM usage. Using Lighttpd, you are allowed to host web applications written in other programming languages using FastCGI, SCGI, and CGI interfaces. Lighttpd is under the BSD license and supports TLS/SSL using OpenSSL. Join us with the Tutorial Installing Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10. To buy your own Linux VPS, check the perfect packages of Eldernode and purchase one.

How to Install Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10

Recommended Article: How to Install GNS3 on Linux Debian 10

To let this tutorial work better, please consider the below Prerequisites:

A non-root user with sudo privileges.

To set up, follow our Initial Setup with Debian 10.

Note: In this guide, the domain name is assumed as ”example.com”. For your case, remember to replace example.com in all fill names and configuration settings with your own domain name.

Install Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10

If you are looking for a solution to get rid of load problems on your server, Lighttpd could be n ideal choice. It supports using chroot and mod_rewrite. Let’s get started by updating your system. Use the commands below to do this. Restart your server to let the changes apply when you are finished.

apt-get update -y
apt-get upgrade -y

How to install Lighttpd

Since Lighttpd is available in the Debian 10 default repository, run the following command to install it.

apt-get install lighttpd -y

You can start the Lighttpd service when the installation is completed. To enable it to start after system reboot, type:

systemctl start lighttpd
systemctl enable lighttpd

Also, you can check the status of Lighttpd by running the command below:

systemctl status lighttpd

How to install MariaDB server

Use the following command to install the MariaDB server.

apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client -y

You should secure the MariaDB after completing the installation. To secure it, type:

mysql_secure_installation

How to install PHP and PHP-FPM

In this step, you will install PHP, PHP-FPM, and FastCGI to your system. Since Debian 10 ships with PHP version 7.3 by default. Use the command below to install:

apt-get install php php-cgi php-fpm php-mysql -y

When you are ensured of installing the packages, edit the pho.ini file, and set cgi.fix_pathinfo to 1 by running the following command:

nano /etc/php/7.3/fpm/php.ini

Then, change the following line:

cgi.fix_pathinfo=1

Now, you can save and close the file.

PHP point to the UNIX socket /var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock by default. At this point, you should configure the PHP-FPM pool to set PHP listens to the TCP socket. Do this by editing /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf file:

nano /etc/php/7.3/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Then, find the line below:

listen = /run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock

Now, replace it with the following line:

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

Once, you have done the above steps, dave and close the file. To restart the PHP-FPM service to apply the configuration changes, type:

systemctl restart php7.3-fpm

Now you can modify the 15-fastcgi-php.conf file using the command below:

nano /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/15-fastcgi-php.conf

Again, find the following lines:

"bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi",  "socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php.socket",

To replace them with the below ones:

"host" => "127.0.0.1",  "port" => "9000",

Now, you can save and close the file when all is done successfully. To enable FastCGI and FastCHI-PHP module, run:

lighty-enable-mod fastcgi  lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php

Then, to apply the changes you have made, restart the Lighttpd by:

systemctl restart lighttpd

How to create a Lighttpd Virtual host

To create a new virtual host file to test PHP with Lighttpd, type:

nano /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/example.com.conf

And, add the lines below:

$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.com" {  server.document-root = "/var/www/html/"  server.errorlog = "/var/log/lighttpd/example.com-error.log"  }

Now, you can save and close the file. Use the command below to enable the Virtual host.

ln -s /etc/lighttpd/conf-available/example.com.conf /etc/lighttpd/conf-enabled/

Then, create a sample index.php file in the Lighttpd document root directory with the command below:

nano /var/www/html/index.php

Add the following line:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Save and close the file. Run the following command to change the ownership of the Lighttpd document root directory to www-data.

chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/

And finally, to restart the Lighttpd service type the below command. It will apply the configuration changes:

systemctl restart lighttpd
Recommended Article: Installing Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10

How to secure Lighttpd with Let’s Encrypt free SSL

To finish this step, you need to install the Certbot tool first to secure your web server with Let’s Encrypt. Since the latest version of Certbot is not available in the Debian 10 default repository, you need to add the Certbot repository. Run the following command to do this:

apt-get install software-properties-common  add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot

Then, you should update the repository and install Certbot. So, type:

apt-get update -y  apt-get install certbot -y

At this point, you need to create a Let’s Encrypt certification with the command below:

certbot certonly --webroot -w /var/www/html/ -d www.example.com

Next, you will be asked to provide your email address and accept the term of license as shown below:

Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log  Plugins selected: Authenticator webroot, Installer None  Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter 'c' to  cancel): [email protected]
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  Please read the Terms of Service at  https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must  agree in order to register with the ACME server at  https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  (A)gree/(C)ancel: A
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier  Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit  organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work  encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  (Y)es/(N)o: Y

Next, you will see the below output when downloading the certificates is finished successfully.

IMPORTANT NOTES:  - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:  /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/fullchain.pem  Your key file has been saved at:  /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem  Your cert will expire on 2019-12-06. To obtain a new or tweaked  version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot  again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your certificates, run  "certbot renew"  - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:
Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt: https://letsencrypt.org/donate  Donating to EFF: https://eff.org/donate-le

It is time to combine both the certificate and private key in one file. So, run:

cat /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/cert.pem /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/privkey.pem > /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/web.pem

Since you need to edit the Lihghttpd virtual host file and define the Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate path. Use the following command to do this:

nano /etc/lighttpd/conf-enabled/example.com.conf

Now you can save and close the file when you are finished. Again, you should restart the Lighttpd service to apply the configuration changes:

systemctl restart lighttpd

How to access Lighttpd web interface

Till this step, Lighttpd is installed and configured with PHP and PHP-FPM support. So, let’s test it now. Open your web browser and type the URL https://www.example.com. Then, you will be redirected to the following page:

How to access Lighttpd web interface

 

That’s that! In this way, you make sure that PHP is working well with FastCGI.

 

Conclusion

In this article, you read the Tutorial Installing Lighttpd with PHP, MariaDB, and free SSL on Debian 10. If you have carefully passed the steps of this guide, you can now enjoy hosting your own web server.

We Are Waiting for your valuable comments and you can be sure that it will be answered in the shortest possible time.

Leave Your Comment

Your email address will not be published.

We are by your side every step of the way

Think about developing your online business; We will protect it compassionately

We are by your side every step of the way

+18054214518

7 days a week, 24 hours a day