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How to install Joomla on Debian 10

How to install Joomla on Debian 10

You may search for suitable software to publish web content, In this article, you will learn how to install Joomla on Debian 10. Joomla is a free and open-source CMS (Content Management System) that is so popular and widely used for creating websites with little or no knowledge in markup or web programming languages. It has thousands of free extensions and templates allowing you to customize your site to fit your specific needs and ships with lots of PHP code, plugins, and themes that can help you get started from the ground up in no time

 

 

How to install Joomla on Debian 10

Let’s walk you through the Joomla CMS installation process in 6 steps.

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1- Update Debian System Packages

By running the below command, you will update the Debian system to their latest versions.

sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y      [email protected]-10:~$ sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y  Hit:1 https://packages.sury.org/php buster InRelease  Hit:2 https://deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease  Hit:4 https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian stable InRelease  Hit:5 https://deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates InRelease  Hit:6 https://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates InRelease  Ign:3 https:// attic.owncloud.org/download/repositories/10.2.1/Debian-9.0  InRelease  Hit:7 https://download.owncloud.org/download/repositories/10.2.1/Debian-9.0  Release  Reading package lists... 0%    

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2- Install LAMP Stack on Debian

If you have already had a LAMP installed, you can skip this step. you may begin by installing the Apache web server, PHP, and finally MariaDB server. To install Apache execute the commands below:

sudo apt install apache2 apache2-utils      [email protected]-10:~$ sudo apt install apache2 apache2-utils  Reading package lists... Done  Building dependency tree  Reading state information... Done  apache2 is already the newest version (2.4.38+deb10u3).  apache2-utils is already the newest version (2.4.38+deb10u3).  apache2-utils set to manually installed.    

Then start and enable the Apache webserver.

sudo systemctl start apache2
sudo systemctl enable apache2

Use the below command to make sure the Apache webserver is running.

sudo systemctl status apache2

apache status on debian 10

Due to the above output, you can clearly see that the Apache webserver is up and running as expected. So you just need to browse your server’s IP as shown.

http://server-IP

In case your web server is up and running, you should get the below as a confirmation.

apache default page on debian 10

Now you should PHP install PHP 7.2, which is a server-side web programming language used by developers for designing dynamic web pages.

sudo apt install libapache2-mod-php7.2 openssl php-imagick php7.2-common php7.2-curl php7.2-gd php7.2-imap php7.2-intl php7.2-json php7.2-ldap php7.2-mbstring php7.2-mysql php7.2-pgsql php-smbclient php-ssh2 php7.2-sqlite3 php7.2-xml php7.2-zip  

php version view on debian 10

To install MariaDB run the following command:

sudo apt install mariadb-server    

install mariadb on debian 10

to fortify the server, run the command:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

When you are asked for the root password, press ENTER and then press Y to set the root password.

secure mariadb on debian 10

Again till the end, simply type ‘Y’ and press the ENTER key for recommended settings.

 

secure mariadb on debian 10-2

Now your database engine is secured.

 

 

3- Create a Joomla Database

You will create a database for Joomla to store its files during and after the installation. To log in to MariaDB run the below command.

 sudo mysql -u root -p

To create a Joomla database and grant privileges to the database user, use the command below.

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE joomla_db;  MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON joomla_db.* TO ‘joomla_user’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘[email protected]’;  MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;  MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;      

4- Download Joomla in Debian

For this step, you need to download Joomla’s installation package from the Official Joomla’s website. To do this, run the wget command.

sudo wget https://downloads.joomla.org/cms/joomla3/3-9-16/Joomla_3-9-16-Stable-Full_Package.zip

Then, create a new directory ‘Joomla’ in the webroot directory as shown.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/joomla

Now, unzip the zipped Joomla file to the just created ‘Joomla’ directory.

sudo unzip Joomla_3.19-16-Stable-Full_package.zip -d /var/www/html  

Next, change the permissions and set the directory ownership of the directory to Apache user.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/joomla  sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla

Restart the Apache webserver for systemd to effect the changes

sudo systemctl restart apache2

 

5- Configuring Apache for Joomla

Create a virtual host file for Joomla to configure the Apache webserver to server Joomla web pages.

sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/joomla.conf  

Paste the following configuration into the file and save.

<VirtualHost *:80>     ServerName joomla.example.com      ServerAdmin [email protected]     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/joomla     <Directory /var/www/html/joomla>  	    Allowoverride all     </Directory>  </VirtualHost>    

Enable the Joomla virtual host file and disable the default configuration file.

sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf  sudo a2ensite joomla.conf    

Then restart the Apache webserver service for the changes to come into effect.

sudo systemctl restart apache2    

6- Finalizing Joomla Installation in Debian

Now you should finalize the installation of Joomla. To do this launch your browser and browse your server’s URL as shown.

http://server-IP/

To continue, ensure that you fill in the required details such as Site name, Email address, username, and password.

install joomla on debian 10

Then, click the ‘Next’ button. The next section will require you to fill in the database details that you earlier specified earlier when creating a database for Joomla. These include database name, database user, and password.

 

set joomla database information on debian 10

The proceeding page will give you an overview of all the settings and allow you to perform a pre-installation check. Again click ‘Next

 

joomla overview on debian 10

To ensure all the settings and installed package versions are as per the recommended guidelines, Scroll down to the ‘Pre-installation Check’ and ‘Recommended settings’ sections

 

pre-install joomla checking

Now, to begin Joomla setup, click the ‘Install’ button. when you receive the below notification, it means that Joomla has been installed.

 

joomla installation complete on debian 10

To continue, you need to purge or delete the installation folder. So scroll down and click on the ‘Remove installation folder’ button.

delete joomla install file on debian 10

And click on the ‘Administrator’ button to log in to the back end or dashboard, which takes you to the login page.

joomla login page on debian 10

It is time to provide e your username and password and click on the ‘Login’ button to access Joomla’s control panel.

joomla complete install on debian 10

Finally, at this point, you have successfully installed Joomla on Debian 10.

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