A Linux system administrator needs to know some Linux tricks. In this article, you will learn How to check which Apache Modules are Enabled/Loaded in Linux.
Join us to discuss the Apache web server front-end and how to list or check which Apache modules have been enabled on your server.
In addition let us mention that the Apache is built, based on the principle of modularity, this way, it enables web server administrators to add different modules to extend its primary functionalities and enhance apache performance as well.
How to check which Apache Modules are Enabled/Loaded in Linux
Let’s walk through this guide to show you How to check which Apache Modules are Enabled/Loaded in Linux. Firstly, review some of the common Apache modules include:
- mod_ssl – which offers HTTPS for Apache.
- mod_rewrite – which allows for matching URL patterns with regular expressions, and perform a transparent redirect using .htaccess tricks, or apply an HTTP status code response.
- mod_security – which offers you to protect Apache against Brute Force or DDoS attacks.
- mod_status – that allows you to monitor Apache web server load and page statics
In Linux, the apachectl or apache2ctl command is used to control the Apache HTTP server interface, it is a front-end to Apache.
To display the usage information for apache2ctl:
apache2ctl help OR apachectl help
Usage: /usr/sbin/httpd [-D name] [-d directory] [-f file] [-C "directive"] [-c "directive"] [-k start|restart|graceful|graceful-stop|stop] [-v] [-V] [-h] [-l] [-L] [-t] [-S] Options: -D name : define a name for use in directives -d directory : specify an alternate initial ServerRoot -f file : specify an alternate ServerConfigFile -C "directive" : process directive before reading config files -c "directive" : process directive after reading config files -e level : show startup errors of level (see LogLevel) -E file : log startup errors to file -v : show version number -V : show compile settings -h : list available command line options (this page) -l : list compiled in modules -L : list available configuration directives -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS : show parsed settings (currently only vhost settings) -S : a synonym for -t -D DUMP_VHOSTS -t -D DUMP_MODULES : show all loaded modules -M : a synonym for -t -D DUMP_MODULES -t : run syntax check for config files
A Sys V init mode and pass-through mode are the two ways in which apache2ctl can function in. In the SysV init mode, apache2ctl takes simple, one-word commands in the form below:
apachectl command OR apache2ctl command
To verify more, let’s see this example, to start Apache and check its status, run these two commands with root user privileges by employing the sudo command, in case you are a normal user:
sudo apache2ctl start sudo apache2ctl status
eldernode@Eldernode ~ $ sudo apache2ctl start AH00558: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.1.1. Set the 'ServerName' directive globally to suppress this message httpd (pid 1456) already running eldernode@Eldernode ~ $ sudo apache2ctl status Apache Server Status for localhost (via 127.0.0.1) Server Version: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu) Server MPM: prefork Server Built: 2016-07-14T12:32:26 Current Time: Tuesday, 15-Nov-2016 11:47:28 IST Restart Time: Tuesday, 15-Nov-2016 10:21:46 IST Parent Server Config. Generation: 2 Parent Server MPM Generation: 1 Server uptime: 1 hour 25 minutes 41 seconds Server load: 0.97 0.94 0.77 Total accesses: 2 - Total Traffic: 3 kB CPU Usage: u0 s0 cu0 cs0 .000389 requests/sec - 0 B/second - 1536 B/request 1 requests currently being processed, 4 idle workers __W__........................................................... ................................................................ ...................... Scoreboard Key: "_" Waiting for Connection, "S" Starting up, "R" Reading Request, "W" Sending Reply, "K" Keepalive (read), "D" DNS Lookup, "C" Closing connection, "L" Logging, "G" Gracefully finishing, "I" Idle cleanup of worker, "." Open slot with no current process
And when operating in pass-through mode, apache2ctl can take all the Apache arguments in the following syntax:
apachectl [apache-argument] apache2ctl [apache-argument]
In case you need to list all the Apache-arguments:
apache2 help [On Debian based systems] httpd help [On RHEL based systems]
Check Enabled Apache Modules
You can check which modules are enabled on your Apache web server by using the following applicable command for your distribution, where -t -D DUMP_MODULES is an Apache-argument to show all enabled/loaded.
On Debian based systems apache2ctl -t -D DUMP_MODULES OR apache2ctl -M
On RHEL based systems $ apachectl -t -D DUMP_MODULES OR $ httpd -M $ apache2ctl -M
[root@eldernode httpd]# apachectl -M Loaded Modules: core_module (static) mpm_prefork_module (static) http_module (static) so_module (static) auth_basic_module (shared) auth_digest_module (shared) authn_file_module (shared) authn_alias_module (shared) authn_anon_module (shared) authn_dbm_module (shared) authn_default_module (shared) authz_host_module (shared) authz_user_module (shared) authz_owner_module (shared) authz_groupfile_module (shared) authz_dbm_module (shared) authz_default_module (shared) ldap_module (shared) authnz_ldap_module (shared) include_module (shared) ....
Good job! By reaching here, you learned how to use the Apache front-end tools to list enabled/loaded apache modules.
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