The NFS is a popular protocol for file sharing between computers over a network. If you are using Ubuntu 22.04 and need to access files or directories shared from NFS servers, you’ll need to install the NFS client software on your Ubuntu system. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of installing and configuring the NFS client on Ubuntu 22.04. If you are interested in purchasing an economically priced Ubuntu VPS Server, you can explore the package options provided by Eldernode.
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How to Install NFS Client on Ubuntu 22.04
In this clever guide, we will walk you through the process of installing the NFS (Network File System) client on Ubuntu 22.04. NFS allows you to access and share files over a network as if they were on your local machine. So, let’s leap into it and make your file-sharing experience smoother than ever before!
Step 1: Update Your System (a warm-up exercise)
Before digging into the installation, let’s start by updating your system. Open a terminal and enter the following command to update the package lists and upgrade your existing packages:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
Step 2: Install the NFS Client Package
Let’s get to the main event! To install the NFS client package, execute the following command in your terminal:
$ sudo apt install nfs-common
Step 3: Verify Successful Installation
Let’s ensure that the NFS client has been installed correctly. Confirming this can be done by inspecting the current version that has been installed. Simply enter this command in your terminal:
$ dpkg -l nfs-common
Step 4: Configure NFS Mount Points
Now it’s time to configure the NFS mount points, which define the shared directories you want to access. Create a directory to serve as the mount point by executing this command:
$ mkdir <directory_path>
Replace “<directory_path>” with the desired path of the directory. For example, you could use “/mnt/nfs_share” or any other location you prefer.
Step 5: Mounting the NFS Shared Directory
To mount the NFS shared directory onto your Ubuntu system, use the mount command followed by the remote server’s IP address and the path to the shared directory:
$ sudo mount <remote_server_ip_address>:<shared_directory_path> <mount_point_directory>
Ensure to replace “<remote_server_ip_address>”, “<shared_directory_path>”, and “<mount_point_directory>” with appropriate details specific to your setup.
Step 6: Check the Mounted Directory
To check if the NFS shared directory is successfully mounted, navigate to the mount point directory and verify the contents:
$ ls <mount_point_directory>
This command displays the contents of the directory you mounted using NFS. If the files and folders appear as expected, congratulations, you’ve successfully installed and mounted the NFS client!
Step 7: Automating NFS Mount on Boot (a clever bonus tip)
Now that you have successfully mounted the NFS shared directory, you can configure it to mount automatically on boot. Open the “/etc/fstab” file by using the following command:
$ sudo nano /etc/fstab
At the end of the file, add a new line with the NFS shared directory details in the following format:
<remote_server_ip_address>:<shared_directory_path> <mount_point_directory> nfs defaults 0 0
Save and close the file using the appropriate key combination mentioned at the bottom of the terminal. From now on, the NFS shared directory will be mounted automatically each time your system starts up.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed the NFS client on Ubuntu 22.04 and mounted a remote directory using NFS. Now, you can seamlessly access and share files over a network as if they were on your local machine. Enjoy the enhanced file-sharing experience brought to you by NFS!