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How to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8

How to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8

Learn how to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8. The importance and necessity of using network monitoring software is not hidden from any network expert. Because in real time, you can be informed about the status of servers, switches and routers, or in other words, all network equipment, and if a problem occurs, it can be solved in the shortest time. Cacti is a web-based open source tool that monitors computer networks. In this article, we try to introduce you to how to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8. You can visit the packages available in Eldernode to purchase a CentOS VPS server.

Tutorial install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8

Recommended Article: Performance tuning and optimize CentOS 7 [Best way]

What are the characteristics of Cacti?

Cacti software connects to your devices using the SNMP protocol and checks them during the interval set by you. This software is based on PHP/MySQL, which is mainly installed on Linux operating systems and uses RRDTool software to present its graphs. This software also allows you to provide a monitoring panel to your customers. In this software, you can specify which ports your subscriber will have access to after logging in. Here are some features of cacti:

Quick survey of criteria

Support for multiple data acquisition methods

Advanced graph pattern support

Ability to manage the user with ACL

Provide an intuitive and easy web interface for managing network monitoring and configuration

Install and Configure Cacti on Centos 8

After logging in as the first step, you must first disable SELinux. This is done after opening the SELinux file with the following command:

vim /etc/sysconfig/selinux

After you find SELINUX = enforcing in the file, replace it with SELINUX = disabled. After saving the file, you can reboot the system using the following command:

reboot

The second step is to install the EPEL repository. We recommend that you go to the Fedora site to copy the latest version of this file and replace it in the following command.

rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm

Also, by referring to the Remi site, you can copy the link of the latest version and put it in the following command:

wget http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-8.rpm

Now you can use the following commands to install the repository and list them:

rpm -Uvh remi-release-7.rpm
yum repolist

From now on, 6 steps must be taken to install and configure cacti. These steps include:

1. Installation of Apache

2. Install SNMP and RRDTool

3. Install MariaDB Server

4. PHP and needed packages

5. Create a Cacti Database

6. Database optimization

Follow us in this article to fully explain these 6 steps.

How to install Apache

You can install Apache using the following command:

yum install httpd httpd-devel

You can also start the service by typing and executing the following command:

systemctl start httpd

How to install SNMP and RRDTool

To install SNMP and RRDTool, just type and run the following command. You will then be asked if you would like to continue the installation. You must enter “Y” here:

yum install net-snmp net-snmp-utils net-snmp-libs rrdtool

Now you can also start running SNMP with the following command:

systemctl start snmpd

How to install MariaDB Server

Installing MariaDB Server is one of the steps that must be done before installing and configuring cacti. To do this, type and execute the following command:

yum install mariadb-server

Enter the following command to start the MariaDB server:

systemctl start mariadb

To secure and complete the MariaDB server installation, type the following command:

mysql_secure_installation

 

How to Secure Installation of mariadb

 

PHP installation tutorial

You can use the following command to install PHP and the required packages:

yum --enablerepo=remi install php-mysql php-pear php-common php-gd php-devel php php-mbstring php-cli php-intl php-snmp

First, log in to the database server with the following command:

mysql -u root -p

 

How to Login to MariaDB

 

Now you need to type and execute the following command to create a database:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database eldernodecacti;

You must also create a user by executing the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'eldernodeuser'@'michael' IDENTIFIED BY '[email protected]#231';

Using the following command you can Grant permission:

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on eldernodecacti.* to [email protected];

You can also flush privileges with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

 

how to Create DB and User in cacti

 

To be able to create a database user you must first have access to mysql.time_zone_name. So you have to enter mysql_test_data_timezone.sql into the MySQL database. To do this, use the following command:

mysql -u root -p mysql < /usr/share/mysql/mysql_test_data_timezone.sql

Now you need to login to MariaDB using the following command:

mysql -u root -p

You must allow the cacti database user access with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO [email protected];

You can also flush privileges with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;

 

How to set Time-Zone in cacti

 

Learn how to Optimize Database

The last step you need to do before installing cacti is to optimize the database. Type the following command to optimize the parameters:

vim /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf

Now you need to add the following command lines in the mysqld section:

collation-server = utf8_general_ci  init-connect='SET NAMES utf8'  character-set-server = utf8  max_heap_table_size = 128M  max_allowed_packet = 16777216  tmp_table_size = 64M  join_buffer_size = 64M  innodb_file_per_table = on  innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M  innodb_doublewrite = off  innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 80M  innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50  innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2

 

how to modify Database Parameters in cacti

 

After performing the above steps, you can restart the MariaDB service with the help of the following command:

systemctl restart mariadb.service

How to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8

After preparing and installing all the prerequisites, now is the time to install cacti using the following command:

yum -y install cacti

Then, by typing the following command, you can import the cacti database file into the created database:

cd /usr/share/doc/cacti-1.1.38

Now you need to import the SQL file into it:

mysql -u root -p eldernodecacti < cacti.sql

It should be noted that the Cacti configuration file contains a database, password details, and so on. You can easily edit it by entering the following command:

vim /usr/share/cacti/include/config.php

Now you need to edit the database details like the following commands:

$database_type = ‘mysql’;
$database_default = ‘eldernodecacti’;
$database_hostname = ‘michael’;
$database_username = ‘eldernodeuser’;
$database_password = ‘[email protected]#231’;
$database_port = ‘3306’;
$database_ssl = false;

The next step is to set the cron in cacti, which you must first open with the following command:

vim /etc/cron.d/cacti

Then you have to uncomment the following line and save the file:

*/5 * * * * apache /usr/bin/php /usr/share/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1

Another important step is to configure Apache in cacti, which you must first open the config file with the following command:

vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/cacti.conf

After opening the config file, now you need to Change “Require host localhost” to “Require all granted” and “Allow from localhost” to “Allow from all“.

 

How to Configure Cacti Apache

 

Type and run the following command to change the time zone:

vim /etc/php.ini

You can now enter your time Zone:

date.timezone = your time Zone

After completing the above steps, you must restart Apache, MariaDB, and SNMP. To restart Apache, type and run the following command:

systemctl restart httpd.service

You must also run the following command to restart MariaDB:

systemctl restart mariadb.service

Finally, to restart SNMP, you must run the following command:

systemctl restart snmpd.service

In terms of security, it is necessary to configure the firewall. Therefore, you can use the following commands to configure the firewall:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --reload

How to start Cacti installation

Now we have reached the final step, which is to start installing cacti. To access the Cacti web interface, enter the following URL in your browser:

http://Your-Server-IP/cacti

In the opened page, check Accept GPL License Agreement and click Next.

 

how to Start Cacti installation

 

Click Next on the next page.

The next window specifies the installation type as well as the database specifications. Click Next again.

On the next page, confirm the desired options. Note that all must be correct before proceeding.

 

how to verify Critical Binary Locations and Versions

 

In the rest of the pages, click on Next until the end and finally click on Finish.

Recommended Article: How to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8

Conclusion

The importance and necessity of using network monitoring software is not hidden from any network expert. In real time, you can be informed of the status of servers, switches, and routers, or in other words, all network equipment, and if a problem occurs, you can solve it in the shortest time. That’s why we tried to teach you How to install and Configuring Cacti on Centos 8 in this article.

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